Despite training as a lawyer, James has spent the last 40 years involved with researching and manufacturing natural medicines from both plants and from the beehive.
For the last 30 years, he has focused on trying to understand the remarkable properties of propolis a natural antibiotic produced by bees.
In 2011 he created ARC (Apiceutical Research Centre) to promote both medicines from the beehive and sustainable beekeeping. In 2016 he created IPRG (International Propolis Research Group) which brings academics together in international conferences. He co-founded the Global Bee Medicine Group.
He is currently developing BeeArc - The Nature of the Future a combined Discovery and Research Centre which will explore ways in which the honeybee can inspire social, economic and cultural renewal. He has pioneered a unique community health project, The Dispensary.
James founded ThreesCompany which explores and promotes three-dimensional health for businesses and organisations.
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APICEUTICALS: A new generation of medicines from the honeybee
Modern pharmaceutical medicine is in crisis. The magic bullet is proving ever more elusive and inappropriate. The economically driven pharmaceutical juggernaut trundles on but the definition and meaning of medicine is being redefined – from targeted, synthetic, and single molecule to natural, synergistic ,holistic, sustainable, ecological.
Over 40 years ago the Kazan Veterinary Institute published research which showed that combining propolis with antibiotics increased the effectiveness of the antibiotics by up to 100 times. We had to wait till the 1990’s before the West began to publish scientific papers.
Research into propolis has grown exponentially over the last ten years with Brazil, China, Turkey and India now major contributors.
Research in UK has grown over the last 15 years particularly at the University of Strathclyde - Scotland. They have developed our understanding of how the chemical compounds collected by the honey bee from plants and trees within their local environment are transformed by the honey bee into a product able to provide immune defence for the whole superorganism.
The relationship between climate and the antibacterial properties of propolis is now more clearly understood. The discovery of anti-trypanosome chemicals in propolis in areas where there is sleeping sickness has opened up new research into Ecological or Geographic Medicine.
Since 2011 ARC has been linking research activity round the world through a series of international conferences and more recently through the formation of IPRG (International Propolis Research Group)
ARC’s Global BeePharma project further explores the concept of Geographic Medicine i.e. the chemical and biological activity of local bee products to local disease patterns in humans.
ARC has plans to build The BeeArc, a physical research centre and exhibition centre based in North Yorkshire UK and focussed on Apiceuticals – medicines from the beehive and Sustainable Beekeeping.